Sri Bhaskareswarar Temple / Parithiappar Temple / பரிதியப்பர் கோயில், பரிதிநியமம் / Parithiniyamam, Thanjavur District, Tamil Nadu.
This temple is the 218th Thevaram Paadal Petra Shiva Sthalam and 101st Sthalam on the south of river Kaveri in Chozha Nadu. This place was called as “Paruthi Niyamam” during Thevaram period and now as “Paruthiyappar Kovil”.
In Periyapuranam, Sekkizhar records that Thirugnanasambandar came to this temple after worshiping Lord Shiva of Avalivanallur.
பழுதுஇல் சீர்த்திருப் பரிதிநன் நியமும் பணிந்து அங்கு
எழுதுமாமறை யாம்பதிகத்து இசைபோற்றி
முழுதும் ஆனவர் கோயில்கள் வணங்கியே முறைமை
வழுஇலார் திருப்பூவனூர் வணங்கிவந்து அணைந்து
Thirugnanasambandar and Vallalar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple. A Thani padal mentions the temples where Suriyan – Parithi- worshiped Lord Shiva.
கண்கொண்ட சாயலொடு ஏர்கவர்ந்த கள்வர்க்கு இடம் போலும்
பண்கொண்ட வண்டினம் பாடியாடும் பரிதிந் நியமமே
நீட்டுங் கருதி நியமத்தோர்க்கு இன்னருளை
நீட்டும் பருதி நியமத்தோய்”
…… திரு அருட்பா…
கண்டியூர் வேதிகுடி கற்குடந்தைக் கீழ்க்கோட்டம்
பண்பரிதிநன்நியமம் பாங்கார் தெளிச்சேரி
பொற்புறவார் பனங்காட்டூர் நெல்லிக்கா ஏழும்
பொற்பரிதி பூசனை ஊர்
Moolavar: Sri Bhaskareswarar, Sri Parithiappar
Consort: Sri Mangala Nayagi, Sri Mangalambigai.
Some of the salient features of this temple are......
The temple is facing east with a 5 Tier Rajagopuram. Thuja Vinayagar, Dwajasthambam, balipeedam and Rishabam are immediately after the Rajagopuram. An image of Suriyan worships Lord Shiva is next to Balipeedam. In koshtam Vinayagar, Dakshinamurthy, Maha Vishnu, Brahma and Durgai. In addition to this Gaja Samhara Moorthy and two more statues are in the koshtam. Suriyan's idol is installed in front of Moolavar.
In the inner prakaram sannadhi for Vinayagar, Gajalakshmi, Sri Valli Devasena Subramaniar and Chandikeswarar. In the outer prakaram Vinayagar, Sri Valli Devasena Subramaniar, Kala Bhairavar, Suriyan, Chandran and Navagrahas. The positions of Suryan and Chandran are inter changed. Ambal is in a separate sannadhi facing east.
The sanctum sanctorum consists of sanctum, antarala and artha mandapam. A vesara Vimana is over the sanctum. A Pidari temple and Idumban temple are near this Shiva’s Temple.
HISTORY AND INSCRIPTIONS
Since Thirugnanasambandar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple, the original temple might have existed before 7th Century and the same was reconstructed as a stone temple during Chozhas and further extended during Vijayanagaras period.
This temple was renovated and Kumbabishekam was conducted under Kanchi Kamakoti PeetadhipathiJagadguru Sri Jayendra Saraswathi Swamigal pon vizha scheme. The temple belongs to KeezhvengaiNattars.
It is believed that this Temple was a Sun temple and latterconverted as a Shiva temple. Suriyan worshiped Lord Shiva of this temple to get rid of the sin caused due to attending Velvi conducted by Daksha. To signifies this legend, there is a bas-relief of Suriya worships Lord Shiva. 17th to 19th , 3 days during Tamil Month Panguni, sunrays falls on moolavar. This is one of the 7 temples where Sun Worshiped Lord Shiva, the other temples are. 1. Thirukandiyur, 2.Vedikudi, 3. Kudanthai Keezh Kottam, 4. Thelicheri, 5.Puravar Panangattoor and 6 Nellikka.
This place was called as Parithivanam and Parithikesuvaram. The devotees throng the temple toget relieved from Pithru dosha.
POOJAS AND CELEBRATIONS
Apart from regular poojas, special poojas are conducted on Vaikasi Visakam in the month Vaikasi ( May – June ), Aani Thirumanjanam in the month Aani ( June – July ), Aadi Fridays in the monthAadi ( July – Aug ), Vinayagar Chathurthi in the month Avani ( Aug – Sept ), Skanda Sashti in the month Aippasi ( Oct – Nov ), Thirukarthigai in the month Karthigai ( Nov – Dec ), Thaipoosam in the month Thai ( Jan – Feb ), Maha Shivaratri in the month Masi ( Feb – March ) and monthly pradoshams.
The temple will be kept opened between 07.00 hrs to 12.00 hrs and 16.30 hrs to 20.00 hrs.
The Land line number +91 437 256 910 may be contacted for further details.
HOW TO REACH
The Village Mela Ulur is very near to Paruthiyappar Kovil and is on the Thanjavur to Pattukottai / Orathanadu main road.
The Paruthiyappar temple is 3 KM from Mela Ulur. Town bus route no 64 is available from Mela Ulur.
The temple is 21 KM from Thanjavur, 33 KM from Pattukottai, 46 KM from Kumbakonam, 54 KM from Thiruvarur and 350 KM from Chennai.