Saturday, 16 January 2021

SRI NEELAKANDESWARAR TEMPLE / SRI MANOKKIYANATHASWAMY TEMPLE /நீலகண்டேஸ்வரர் கோயில். THIRUNEELAKUDI, MAYILADUTHURAI DISTRICT ( THANJAVUR DISTRICT ), TAMIL NADU.

This is the 149th Thevara Paadal Petra Shiva Sthalam and 32nd Sthalam on the south side of river Kaveri in Chozha Nadu. This place maintains as Neelakudi / Thiruneelakudi since 7th Century and but locals calls as Thennilaikudi.

In Periyapuranam Sekkizhar records that Thirunavukkarasu Swamigal after worshiping Lord Shiva of Thiruveezhimizhalai, on the way to Thiruvaduthurai, came to this temple. He didn’t mention this temple in particular, but mentioned as other temples on the way.  

வீழி மிழலை தனைப்பணிந்து வேத முதல்வர் தாம் இருப்ப
ஆழி வலம் ஏந்திய அரியால் ஆகாசத்தின் நின்று இழிந்த
வாழி மலர்ந்த கோயில் தனில் மன்னும் பொருளைப் போற்றி இசைத்துத்
தாமும் நாளிற் பிறபதியும் பணியும் காதல் தலைநிற்பார்

Thirunavukkarasu Swamigal and Vallalar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple.

கல்லி னோடுஎனைப் பூட்டி அமண்கையர்
ஒல்லை நீர்புக நீக்கஎன் வாக்கினால்
நெல்லு நீர்வயல் நீலக்குடியரன்
நல்ல நாமம் நவிற்றி உய்ந்தேனன்றே
...... திருநாவுக்கரசு சுவாமிகள்
                                                    -“புன் குரம்பை
ஏலக்குடி புகுந்த எம்மன்னோர்க்கு உண்மைதரு
நீலக்குடி விலங்கு நிஷ்களமே
........ திரு அருட்பா
Moolavar  : Sri Manokkiyanathaswamy, Sri Vilvaranyeswarar,
                  Sri Bharmanayagar, Sri Neelakandeswarar,
                  Sri Thailabpriyangeswarar,
                  Sri Kamathenupureeswarar
Consort    : Sri Aribhamasthini & Sri Bhakthabeestathaayini

Some of the important features of this temple are....
The temple is facing east with a single tier Rajagopuram/ entrance arch. Balipeedam and Rishabam are after the Entrance arch. Another entrance arch is in front of sanctum sanctorum. Moolavar is of swayambhu. No abhishekam is done to Moolavar. All the thailam applied is absorbed in the baanam itself. Jack fruit is offered as naivedyam. In Koshtam Vinayagar, Dakshinamurthy, Brahma and Durgai.   

In prakaram Vinayagar, Sri Valli Devasena Subramaniar, Shanmugar, Kasi Viswanathar with Visalakshi, Mahalakshmi, Sthala Vruksham Jack fruit tree. Bhairavar, Shaniswaran, Chandikeswarar, Saraswati  and Navagrahas.  Brahma and Markandeya  worshiped Shiva Lingas are in the prakara.

There are two Ambal sannadhis one is for Sri Anoopamasthani and Sri Bhakthabeeshtathaayan. Paintings of Shiva,  Parvati, worshiping Lord Shiva, Shiva Leelas are hung on prakaram wall.

The sanctum sanctorum consists of sanctum, antarala and artha mandapam. A Vesara Vimana is on the sanctum.  A moat was formed around sanctum sanctorum.

HISTORY AND INSCRIPTIONS
Since Thirunavukkarasu Swamigal has sung in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple, the original temple was existed before 7th Century, Latter the same was reconstructed with stone during chozha period and further extended by Pandyas and Vijayanagaras.

One of the inscription records that Nerkodu ( ..?) should not be built inside the temple. Another inscription records the Tank called Madyarjunam existed in the Village. 

Maha Kumbhabhishekam was conducted on 17th March 2006. The temple is under the administrative control of Thiruvaduthurai Adheenam.

LEGENDS
Vashistar, Kamadhenu, Devamathar, Markandeyar worshiped Lord Shiva of this temple.

As per sthala purana Lord Shiva is called as Neelakandar, since he who drank the poison / alakalavisham that came out first,  while churning the Thiruparkadal. Before it reaches the stomach ma Parvati hold the poison at the neck itself, which changed the colour in to Blue. Hence Lord Shiva is called as “Neelakandeswarar” and the place is called as Neelakudi.

It is believed that Ambal is doing Thaila abhishekam to Lord Shiva. Hence before Abhishekam the thailam / oil will be kept in front of Ambal and then taken to moolavar sannadhi for abhishekam. The same is done in a grand manner during Chithirai, Masi and Karthigai months.

In another legend, Markandeya Maharishi was born to sage Mrikandu. Since the sage Mrikandu was informed by the astrologer that his son will live till he attained the age of 16 years. As per the advice of Narada, Sage Vasishta and Markandeya worshiped many temples. This is one of the temple in which Markandeya worshiped Lord Shiva with thaila abhishekam. Lord Shiva blessed him with the age / status of 16 years always ie. “endrum pathinaru – என்றும் பதினாறு”. Also called as “Chiranjeevi”.

To get rid of fear of death, Erumai /buffalo and Blue colour silk cloths are offered to Lord Shiva.  So Markandeya took Lord Shiva in procession to 7 temples – saptasthana temples Ilanthurai, Enathimangalam, Thirunageswaram, Thirubhuvanam, Thiruvidaimaruthur, Maruthuvakudi and Thiruneelakudi. This is celebrated as an event during Chithirai festival.

In another legend, when Thirunavukkarasu Swamigal was thrown in to the sea with a stone tied on his back. He prayed Lord Shiva of this Temple. Lord Shiva made the stone to float. The same is mentioned in his Thevara hymns.

The offering of Jack fruit from the Sthala Viruksha is a special one. The fruit yield will be offered as naivedyam and will be distributed as Prasad. If any body takes out side without offering to Lord Shiva, the fruit will be spoiled and will be eaten by the beetles.  

POOJAS AND CELEBRATIONS
An 18 day Chithirai festival is celebrated in a grand manner. On 12th  day of this festival Urchavar will be taken to 7 Villages around this place in procession. The seven places / temples are Ilanthurai,  Enathimangalam, Thirunageswaram, Thirubhuvanam, Thiruvidaimaruthur, Maruthuvakudi and Thiruneelakudi.

Apart from the above and regular poojas, special poojas are conducted on Aadi Pooram in the month Aadi ( July – August ), Annabhishekam in the month Aippasi ( Oct – Nov ), Thiru karthigai in the month Karthigai ( Nov – Dec ), Thiruvathirai in the month Margazhi ( Dec – Jan ), Maha Shivaratri in the month Masi ( Feb – March ) and every month pradosham.

TEMPLE TIMINGS
The temple will be kept opened between 07.00 hrs to 12.00 hrs and 16.00 hrs to 20.00 hrs.

CONTACT DETAILS :
The land line and mobile phone numbers  +91 435 2460660 & +91 9442861634 and Gurukkal V Arunachalam, on his mobile +91 91594 55050 may be contacted for further details. 

HOW TO REACH : 
Town buses are available from Kumbakonam Bus stand.
15 KM from Kumbakonam on Kumbakonam to Karaikal bus route.
The Temple is 15 KM from Kumbakonam, 44 KM from Karaikal, 26 KM from Mayiladuthurai, 57 KM from Thanjavur and 300 KM from Chennai.
Nearest Railway Junction is Kumbakonam.

LOCATION OF THE TEMPLE : CLICK HERE 










--- OM SHIVAYA NAMA ---

Friday, 15 January 2021

THENKURANGADUTHURAI TEMPLE /SRI ABATHSAHAYESWARAR TEMPLE / SRI APATH SAHAYESWARAR TEMPLE, ஆபத்சகாயேஸ்வரர் கோயில், தென்குரங்காடுதுறை (ஆடுதுறை) / ADUTHURAI / THENKURANGADUTHURAI, THANJAVUR DISTRICT, TAMIL NADU.

This is the 148th Thevara Paadal Petra Shiva Sthalam and 31st  sthalam on south side of river Kaveri in Chozha Nadu. This place is called as Thenkurangaduthurai (Then – தென் – தெற்கு ), since there are two places with Paadal Petra Temples as Kurangaduthurai, to differentiate, this place is called as Thenkurangaduthurai ( South) and the other one is called as Vadakurangaduthurai also called as Aduthurai perumal Koil the 49th Paadal Petra sthalam of Chozha Nadu on the south side of river Kaveri. 

In Periyapuranam Sekkizhar records that, Thirugnanasambandar came to this temple after worshiping Lord Shiva of Thiruvidaimaruthur. Thirunavukkarasu Swamigal came to this temple after worshiping Lord Shiva of Thiruvaduthurai. But Sekkizhar didn’t mentioned this temple Thenkurangaduthurai separately.

மருங்கு உளநல் பதிகள்பல பணிந்து மாநிதிக் கரைபோய்க்
குரங்காடுதுறை அணைந்து குழகனார் குரைகழல்கள்
பெரும்காதலின் பணிந்து பேணிய இன்இசை பெருக
அரும் கலைநூல் திருப்பதிகம் அருள்செய்து பரவினார்
..... திருஞானசம்பந்தர் புராணம்
Thirugnanasambandar, Thirunavukkarasu Swamigal and Vallalar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple. 

பரவக்கெடும் வல்வினை பாரிடம் சூழ
இரவிற் புறங் காட்டிடை நின் நெறி யாடி
அரவச் சடை அந்தணன் மேய அழகார்
குரவப் பொழில் சூழ்குரங் காடுதுறையே
...... திருஞானசம்பந்தர்
இரங்கா வன்மனத் தார்க் ளியங்குமுப்
புரங்கா வல்அழி யப்பொடி யாக்கினான்
தரங்கா டுந்தட நீர்ப்பொன்னித் தென்கரைக்
குரங்காடு துறைக் கோலக்க பாலியே
...... திருநாவுக்கரசு சுவாமிகள்
                        -“நீக்கமிலா
நன்குரங்காணு நடையோரடைகின்ற
தென்குரங் காடுதுறைச் செம்மலே
....... திரு அருட்பா
Moolavar  : Sri Apath Sahayeswarar
Consort    : Sri Pavazhakodiammai.

Some of the important features of this temple are....
The temple is facing east with a three tier Rajagopuram. Balipeedam and Rishabam are after the Rajagopuram. There is no Dwajasthambam ( Place is there, but might have been removed ). In Koshtam Narthana Vinayagar, Agasthiyar, Dakshinamurthy, Lingothbavar ( Brahma and Vishnu on both sides ), Brahma, Durgai. In Dakshinamurthy’s place Agasthiyar, Natarajar. Ganga Vicheschanar / Gangadharar, Pichadanar on both side of Sri Durga. 

In prakaram Vinayagar, Sri Valli Devasena Subramaniar, Nalvar, Shiva Lingam, Ambal, Sugrivan worshiped Shiva Linga, Viswanathar, Murugan as Mayil Vahanar, Gajalakshmi, Natarajar, Shaniswarar, Suriyan, Chandran and Navagrahas.  In Navagrahas all the 8 grahas are facing Suriyan. Stucco image of Sugrivan worshiping Lord Shiva is above the entrance of Mukha mandapam. Bas-reliefs of Chembiyam Mahadevi and Karaikal Ammaiyar and Sugrivan worshiping Lord Shiva are there on the sanctum wall.

The 15th Century Arunagirinathar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Muruga of this temple.

செறிந்தமந் தாரை மகிழ்புனை
        மிகுத்ததண் சோலை வகைவகை
        தியக்கியம் பேறு நதியது         பலவாறுந்
    திரைக்கரங் கோலி நவமணி
        கொழித்திடுஞ் சாரல் வயலணி
        திருக்குரங் காடு துறையுறை     பெருமாளே

The sanctum sanctorum consists of sanctum, antarala and artha mandapam. A moat formation is around the sanctum sanctorum, may be due to rise of Ground Level. A 2 tier Vesara Vimana is on the top of Sanctum. Stucco image of Vali and Sugreeva worshiping Lord Shiva are in the Vimana.

HISTORY AND INSCRIPTIONS
Since Thirugnanasambandar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple, the original temple was existed before 7th Century. It is believed that this temple was reconstructed with stone by Queen of Gandaraditya, Sembiyan Mahadevi and latter extended by Chozhas and Vijayanagaras.

As per the inscriptions this place Kurangaduthurai was in “Thenkarai Thiraimurnattu thirukurangaduthurai”, Poobalakulavalli Valanattu Thiraimurnattu Thirukurangaduthurai, Uppakondavalanattu Thiraimur Nattu Thirukurangaduthurai and Lord Shiva was called as Thiru kurangaduthurai Mahadevar.

Most of the Chozha period inscriptions records the endowment of burning perpetual lamps, maintenance, Poojas and Service, Naivedyam for which lands, Gold and money was gifted to this temple. Sembiyan Mahadevi, Uttama Chozha’s mother and Gandaradita Chozha’s wife, was directly involved in thirupani of this temple.

The Pandya King Ko Maranjadaiyan’s 6th ( 4+1+1) reign year inscription records the endowment of burning a perpetual lamp with supply of one Uri oil daily by the Sabhai / Village assembly, to this temple Mahadevar of Thirukurangaduthurai in Thiraimur Nadu.

Another Pandya King Ko Maranjadaiyan’s 8th reign year ( 4+1+1+1+1 ) inscription records the endowment of burning a perpetual lamp and a provision of supply of oil was made by the Sabhai / Village assembly of Maruttuvakkudi in Thiraimur Nadu.

Rajaraja-I’s 9th reign year inscription records the gift of 10 Sei ( ma.?) land purchased from the temple Sabhai towards burning of one perpetual lamp and 9 ordinary lamps by Sattan Aruvattaran od Pirantaka Therinja Kaikolar, a regiment of the King. 

Kulothunga Chozha-II’s 10th reign year inscription records the endowment of supplying 6 pots of river water for thirumanjanam / sacred path and bring flower for garland from nandhavanam by Muppiral Dakshinamurti Bhattar. For the same Paddy of 10 kalam and Nandavanam measuring 30 kuzhi was gifted. At the end of the inscription it records that some Siva brahmins agreed to burn 4 lamps during the service and for the same a gift was received from Pichchadeva Bhatta a resident of the place. The Owner of the land purchased by the donor is said to have been a resident of Vikramachozha Chathurvedi mangalam, which is called a Thiruppallipadai – the last resting place of – obviously Vikrama Chozha.

Maha Kumbhabhishekam was conducted on 28th April 1955 and 21st April 2000. 

LEGENDS
This place is called as Then Kurangaduthurai, since it is located on the south side of river Kaveri. It is believed that Sugriva worshiped Lord Shiva of this Then Kurangaduthurai and Vali worshiped Lord Shiva of Vada Kurangaduthurai temple.

As per the legend, when Sugriva fights with Vali, he couldn’t defeat him. So Prayed Lord Shiva to help him. Lord Shiva changed Sugriva in to a Annaparavai, a mythological bird and his wife as Parijatha flower Tree ( Rath ka Queen ). Also Lord Shiva Hid Vali in Parijatha tree camouflaging him, so that Vali couldn’t find Sugriva. Since Lord Shiva Saved Sugriva, he is praised as “Sri Abathsahayeswarar”.

A pregnant lady from Thirumangalakudi, an ardent devotee of Lord Shiva used to Visit this temple and worship Lord Shiva daily. One day after worship the lady couldn’t cross the river to reach the home, since the river was flooded due to heavy rain. The labour pain also started. Unbearable pain, the lady prayed Lord Shiva to help her. Lord Shiva, in the form of a midwife helped her for a safe delivery.

In another legend Harithathar, born from Vaishnava family has become an ardent devotee of Lord Shiva. He used to take dinner after worshiping Lord Shiva of 7 temples, Kanjanur, Thirukodikka, Thiruvalangadu, Thiruvaduthurai, Aduthurai, Thirumangalakudi and Thirumanthurai. It was raining heavily and become too dark, when he completed his darshan of Lord Shiva at this temple. He couldn’t cross the river since the river was flooded due to heavy rain. To his prayer Lord Shiva in the form of old Brahmin and helped to reach his home.

It is believed that Lord Shiva gave the cosmic dance to sage Agasthiyar and the rishis. Hence this place is called as Natarajapuram. Agasthiyar also installed and worshiped Lord Shiva as “Swarna/ Sorna Bhairavar”.

It is also believed that Hanuman got relieved from the Naradar’s curse and regained the singing Power.

It is believed that Suriyan worshiped Lord Shiva of this temple. Sun Rays falls on moolavar on 3 days ie 5th to 7th of Tamil month Chithirai ( April ).           

POOJAS AND CELEBRATIONS
Apart from Regular poojas, special poojas are conducted on Vinayagar Chathurthi in the month Avani ( Aug – Sept ), Annabhishekam in the month Aippasi ( Oct- November ), Thiruvathirai in the month Margazhi ( Nov – Dec ), Maha Shivaratri in the month Masi ( Feb – March ) and every month pradosham.

TEMPLE TIMINGS
The temple will be kept opened between 07.00 hrs to 12.00 hrs and 16.30 hrs to 20.30 hrs.

CONTACT DETAILS :  
Mobile numbers +91 94434 63119 & + 91 94424 25809 may be contacted for further details.

HOW TO REACH : 
The temple is in Aduthurai on the bus route Kumbakonam to Mayiladuthurai. Town buses are available from Kumbakonam.
The temple is at the beginning of Aduthurai from Kumbakonam before Bus stand.  There is Small Murugan temple – right turn – walk about 200 meters - Opposite to Kumaraguru Dasa Melnilaipalli.( School ).
The Place Aduthurai is 4 KM from Thiruvidaimaruthur, 13 KM from Kumbakonam, 22 KM from Mayiladuthurai, 56 KM from Thanjavur and 300 KM from Chennai.
Nearest railway Junction is Kumbakonam.

LOCATION OF THE TEMPLE : CLICK HERE









--- OM SHIVAYA NAMA ---

Thursday, 14 January 2021

SRI MAHALINGA SWAMY / MAHALINGESWARAR TEMPLE / மஹாலிங்கேஸ்வரர் கோயில், திருவிடைமருதூர் / THIRUVIDAIMARUTHUR, THANJAVUR DISTRICT, TAMIL NADU.

This is the 147th Devaram Paadal Petra Shiva Sthalam and 30th Sthalam on south side of river Kaveri in Chozha Nadu. The temple is on the banks of river Kaveri. This is one of Nalvar Paadal Petra Sthalam and one of the 44 temples in which Moovar has sung Thevara hymns in praise of Lord Shiva. This is one of the Sakthi peedam.

In Periyapuranam Sekkizhar records that Thirugnanasambandar came to this temple after worshiping Lord Shiva of Thirunagecharam  and Thirunavukkarasu Swamigal from Thiruvaduthurai.

ஓங்கு திருப்பதிகம் ஓடே கலன் என்று எடுத்தருளித்
தாங்கு அரிய பெருமகிழ்ச்சி தலைசிறக்கும் தன்மையினால்
ஈங்கு எனை ஆளுடைய பிரான் இடைமருது ஈதோ என்று
பாங்கு உடைய இன்இசையால் பாடி எழுந்தருளினார்
........ திருஞானசம்பந்தர் புராணம்
எறிபுனல் பொன்மணி சிதறும் திரைநீர்ப் பொன்னி
    இடைமருதைச் சென்று எய்தி அன்பினோடு
மறிவிரவு கரத்தாரை வணங்கி வைகி
    வண்தமிழ்ப் பாமாலை மகிழச் சாத்திப்
பொறி அரவம் புனைந்தாரைத் திருநாகேச்சரத்துப்
    போற்றி அருந்தமிழ்மாலை புனைந்து போந்து
செறிவிரைநன் மலர்ச்சோலைப் பழையாறு எய்தித்
    திருச்சத்தி முற்றத்தில் சென்று சேர்ந்தார்
........ திருநாவுக்கரசு சுவாமிகள் புராணம்
Thirugnanasambandar, Thirunavukkarasu Swamigal, Sundarar, Karuvur Thevar, Manickavasagar, Pattinathar and Vallalar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple.

ஓடேகலன் உண் பதும்ஊ ரிடுபிச்சை
காடே இடமா வதுகல் ஆல்நிழற்கீழ்
வாடா முலைமங் கையும்தா னுமகிழ்ந்து
ஈடா உறைகின் றஇடை மருதுஈதோ
....... திருஞானசம்பந்தர்
பாசம் ஒன்றில ராய்ப்பல பத்தர்கள்
வாச நாண்மலர் கொண்டடி வைகலும்
ஈசன் எம்பெரு மான்இடை மருதினில்
பூசம் நாம்புகு தும்புனல் ஆடவே
........ திருநாவுக்கரசு சுவாமிகள்
கழுதை குங்குமந் தான்சுமந்த தெய்த்தாற்
    கைப்பர் பாழ்புக மற்றது போலப்
பழுது நான்உழன் றுள்தடு மாறிப்
    படுசு ழித்தலைப் பட்டனன் எந்தாய்
அழுது நீயிருந் தென்செய்தி மனனே
    அங்க ணாஅர னேயென மாட்டா
இழுதையே னுக்கோர் உய்வகை அருளாய்
    இடைம ருதுறை எந்தைபி ரானே
....... சுந்தரர்
                                    -“யோகையுளந்
தேக்கும் வரகுணனாந் தென்னவன்கண்சூழ் பழியைப்
போக்கும் இடைமருதிற் பூரணமே
...... திரு அருட்பா
எந்தையெந்தாய் சுற்றம் மற்றுமெல்லாம் என்னுடைய
பந்தம் அறுத்தென்னை ஆண்டுகொண்ட பாண்டிப்பிரான்
அந்த இடைமருதில் ஆனந்தத் தேனிருந்த
பொந்தைப் பரவி நாம் பூவல்லி கொய்யாமோ
........ திருவாசகம்
Moolavar  : Sri Mahalingeswarar, Sri Maruthavaneswarar,
                  Sri Maruthavaanar.
Consort    : Sri Birukanth Sundarakujambigai,
                  Sri Perunalamulayammai, Sri Anbirpriyalambal.

Some of the important features of this temple are...
The temple is facing east with a 7 tier Rajagopuram and a Temple tank is in front. Balipeedam, Dwajasthambam and  Stucco Rishabam are in front of sanctum sanctorum. Stucco Rishabam in front of Dwajasthambam is bigger in size.  Moolavar is called as Mahalinga Devar and also big in size. There are two Rishabas in front of moolavar, of which one is made of cheppu/ copper.

The prakarams are called as Ashwamedha Prakaram ( Outer ), Kodumudi prakaram, Branava prakaram, ( Inner ). This is one of the Pancha Linga sthalam. Dakshinamurthy is in mandapam. 

Two sets of Nayanmar’s images are installed in the 2nd prakaram  of which one set is made of Cheppu. The 2nd Prakaram is called as Branava prakaram. In 2nd prakaram sannadhi for Vembadi Murugan and the construction is in the form of Chariot with horse and wheel in stone. Separate Sannadhi for Bhairavar.

In Ambal Sannadhi artha mandapam, Painting of Meenakshi Sundareswarar kalyanakolam. Ambal Sannadhi’s outer Prakaram, image of Thirugnanasambandar and paintings of different avatharas of Ambal.  A small sannadhi for Anbirpriyal is in the outer prakaram. It was advised that after darshan of Ambal one has to go out side and should not cross moolavar sannadhi. ( The reason is not known). Kattunda Kannan is under the sthala vruksham.

Agora Veerabhadra sannadhi is on the North side Rajagopuram, Padithurai Vinayakar and Pattinathar sannadhi are on the East side of the Rajagopuram, Kumaran temple is on the West side Rajagopuram and Mel entrance Bharthrahariyar sannathi.

Vinayagar Sannathis are, on all the four corners of Chariot procession street.  Vinayakar Temple in Theradi, Viswanathar Temple in east street, Rishipureeswarar is in the west street, Athmanathar Temple is in south street, Chokkanathar temple is in the North Street and in the centre is the Mahalingeswarar temple. Hence this place is called as Pancha Linga sthalam,.  

The 15th Century Saint Arunagirinathar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Muruga of this temple.

இணையடிகள் பரவுமுன தடியவர்கள் பெறுவதுவும்
    ஏசி டார்களோ பாச நாசனே
இருவினைமு மலமுமற இறவியொடு பிறவியற
    ஏக போகமாய் நீயு நானுமாய்
இறுகும்வகை பரம்சுக மதனையரு ளிடைமருதில்
    ஏக நாயகா லோக நாயகா இமையவர் பெருமாளே

HISTORY AND INSCRIPTIONS
Since all the four Samaya Kuravas has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple, the original temple was existed before 7th Century. Latter the same was reconstructed during Chozha period and extended by Vijayanagaras.

There are about 149 inscriptions recorded from this temple. As per the inscriptions this place was called as Uyyakonda Chozhavalanattu Thiraimur Nattu Thiruvidaimarudur.

One of the inscription records that to bring water from Kaveri for Lord Shiva’s Thirumanjanam, only mud pots are used.

The recorded inscriptions from this temple belongs to Maduraikonda koparakesari barmar Parantaka Chozha-I, ( 907 – 948 CE ), Parantaka Chozha-II’s son Aditha karikalan, Rajarajan-I, period inscription mentions that this place as Thiruvidaimaruthu, Kulothunga period inscriptions registers as Thiruvidaimaruthur, Thenkarai Thiraimoor Nattu Thiruvidaimaruthur ( Parantaka-I period ), Uyyakonda Chozhavalanattu  Thiraimoornattu Thiruvidaimaruthur ( Kulothunga Chozha-I) and the  thevara hymns mentions as Idaimaruthu. Lord Shiva was called as sri Moolasthanathu Perumanadigal, Moolasthanathu Mahadevar, Thirumaruthurudayar, Thiruvidaimaruthil Alwar, Thiruvidaimaruthur udaya Thambiran and Nataraja was called as Manicka koothar.

The Pallava period inscription are re-inscribed: This is said to be the copy of Nandipottairayar, inscriptions are re-engraved in the 4th year of Chozha King named Parakesarivarman who may identified with Uttama Chozha. It records a gift o 60 Kalanju of Gold for the maintenance of a perpetual lamp called Kumaramarttanda in the temple. The title Kumaramarttanda  has been tentatively attributed to Pallavamalla, but it may, with greater probability, be applied to Nandivarman-III.

Rajarajan-I’s 6th reign inscription records that Rajaraja’s wife Sri Panchavan Madevi  came to this temple for worship  accompanied with Assembly, Trustees and devotees. During his period this place was a nagar.

Kulothunga Chozha-III’s 17th reign year inscription records that Thaiposamudaya Nayanar was established. Thai poosam was celebrated in a grand manner.  For 3 days after Thaipoosam and 4 days in Vaikasi, totally 7 days Ariya Koothu was performed. The inscription records that there was a drama stage existed in the temple, the same was witnessed by Thiraimoor nadu Udayar, Thiruvidaimaruthur Nagar residents and Devakamis assembled in the Nadaka / drama  sala.

Devaradiyars are engaged for faning the Chamara ( Kavaripinaakkal ) during Lord shiva’s procession, to sing in the temple.

Thirubhuvana Chakravarthi Konerimei Kondan’s 21st reign year inscription records the endowment of Land at Uyyakondavalanattu Poondi perumal Chathurvedi mangalam, gifted to Aludaya Pillayar and Aludaya Nambi by Irumaran. Another inscription mentions the Pidari Temple in the 4th prakara.

Rajaraja-I’s period inscription records that the Queen panchavan Madevi Visited the Mahadevi Perunchenbaga nandavanam, when she came for Lord Shiva’s darshan. Further records that there was a separate Jasmine flower nandhavanam / garden existed during that period.

Parantaka-I’s period inscription records that on every Margazhi Thiruvathirai, abhishekam with ghee and gave a gift of 15 Kalanju Gold by  Pandari Kilan, who belongs to Idumpettai Village in Thondai Nattu Changattukottathu Mahanur Nadu.

Parantaka Chozha-I’s, another inscription records the endowment of burning a perpetual lamp for which 25 kalanju gold by a Vilathur Kilzvan, a merchant of Mylapore in Puliyur Kottam ( May be in Jayankonda Chozha mandalam Mylapore a part of present Chennai ).

Parantaka-I’s 35th reign year inscription records that Irumudi Chozhan Pallavarayan  gave a gift of 14 veli land  for abhishekam, Seetharis, Maheswaras, Brahmins and burning of 8 perpetual lamps. 

Vikrama Chozha period inscription records the endowment of naivedyam to Manickakoothar on every amavasya ( new moon day ), for which 175 Kuli land called Sadasivan mahikal bought and gifted to this temple by Arikularajamarayan

Vijayanagara King Veerapratapa Sriman Maha mandaleswarar Rajaraja Vittaladeva maharayar  gifted two Villages Avanam and ChiRRadi.

In general Inganattu Pallavarayan established the Adal Vidanga Thevar / Natarajar. One of the entrance was called as Ekanayakan Thiruvayil. One of the Vinayakar was called as Purana Ganapathi.

A Charity called “Pichai Kattalai” established by Adhita Pichai is under the control of Dharmapura adheenam.

LEGENDS
Uma Devi, Vinayagar, Murugan, Maha Vishnu, Kali, Lakshmi, Saraswati, Vedas, Vasishtar, Uromamaharishi, Airavanam, Shivavakkiyar, Kabilar, Agasthiyar and Varaguna Pandya worshiped Lord Shiva of this temple.

This temple is praised as Idaimaruthu – Madhyarchunam. The north side in Andhra Pradesh Srisailam ( Mallikarjunam )  is called as Thalai Marudhu, on the south Thirupudaimaruthur ( Pudarjunam )  near Ambasamudram in Tirunelveli District is called as Kadai Marudhu and this Temple is in between the two. Hence this temple is called as Idaimarudu ( Arjunam – Marudhamaram – marudha tree ).   

This place was called as Marudhavanam, Shenbagranyam and Sathipuram during ancient times. It is believed that the Pandya King Varaguna Pandya has got relieved from Brahmahathi dosha. Hence this temple is one of the parikara sthalam for brahmahathi dosha. The stucco image is on the east side Rajagopuram.

As per maruthavana Puranam, there are 9 temples associated with Thiruvidaimaruthur Sri Mahalinga Swamy temple as Parivara Temples. The Temples with the deities  are.. 1 Thiruvalamchuzhi – Vinayagar, 2. Swamimalai – Murugan, 3. Alangudi – Dakshinamurthy, 4. Thiruvaduthurai – Nandhi / Rishabam, 5. Suriyanar koil – Navagrahas, 6. Senganur – Chandikeswarar, 7. Chidambaram – Natarajar, 8. Sirkazhi – Bhairavar and 9. Thiruvarur – Somaskandar.  

It is believed that rain will come if abhishekam is done for the Shiva Linga of Chokkanathar with singing of meharaga Kurinchi songs. 

As per the legend Varaguna Pandyan  was travelling on a horse, a Brahmin was killed accidentally by the horse. The get rid of the brahmahathi dosha, he prayed Lord Somasundarar of Madurai. Lord Shiva came in his dream and asked him to come to this temple pray. During that time this place was ruled the Chozhas and had frequent war with each other. In one of the war, Chozhas, were defeated and Varaguna Pandya Came to this temple. As per Lord Shiva’s instruction the king entered through the east side Rajagopuram. The brahmahathi dosha couldn’t enter and waited outside to catch the King while he was going out. After worship the king left the Temple through the west entrance and it is believed that the brahmin’s gosht and brahmahathi dosha are waiting out side, still.  Hence it is believed that the devotees will not use the same Rajagopuram for both for entering and return.

In another legend, Sage Agasthiyar along with other sages came to this temple and did a penance on Goddess Umadevi. Goddess appeared before them and gave darshan. The sages requested Goddess to have the darshan of Lord Shiva also. To Goddess Umadevi’s request Lord Shiva also gave darshan to the sages. After gave darshan Lord Shiva started worshiping “Jyothi Linga”. Surprised the act of Lord Shiva, Umadevi asked, when Brahma and others are worshiping you, why do you worship your self. Lord Shiva replied that Lord Shiva and Umadevi are ultimate who worship and accept worship. Since the sages forgotten to worship him, that's why we worships ourselves. The Sages realized their mistakes and started worshiping Lord Shiva and Umadevi.   

POOJAS AND CELEBRATIONS
Apart from regular Poojas, special poojas are conducted on 10 days Thaipoosa festival, Urchavar will be taken to Kaveri Airavatha Thurai, Vinayagar Chathurthi in the month Aavani ( Aug – Sept ), Thirukarthigai in the month Karthigai ( Nov – Dec ), Thiruvathirai in the month Margazhi ( Dec – Jan ), Masi Maham and maha Shivaratri in the month Masi ( Feb – March ), Panguni Uthiram in the month Panguni ( March – April ) and Monthly pradoshams.

TEMPLE TIMINGS
The temple will be kept open between 06.00 hrs to 11.00 hrs and 17.00 hrs to 20.00 hrs.

CONTACT DETAILS :  
The land line number +91 435 246 0660 may be contacted for further details.

HOW TO REACH :
The place Thiruvidaimaruthur is on the main road Kumbakonam to Mayiladuthurai and the temple is about 500 meters off Main road.
Town bus route numbers are 1,27, 33, 54, & 64 are available from Kumbakonam Bus Terminus.
This temple is  8.7 KM from Kumbakonam Bus Terminus, 26 KM from Mayiladuthurai, 52 KM from Thanjavur and 300 KM from Chennai.
Nearest Railway station is Tiruvidaimarudur, and Junction is Kumbakonam.

LOCATION OF THE TEMPLE :  CLICK HERE








--- OM SHIVAYA NAMA---