Saturday, 27 March 2021

Chakrapani Temple, Ancient Shree Chakrapanishwara Temple, Maddur / Madduru, Chamarajanagar District, Karnataka.

The visit to this temple at Madduru was a part of our Chozha period temples Visit on the trade route from Chamarajanagar to Kollegal, in Karnataka State ( Gangapadi ) .  This place was called as Perumaruthur and the same was corrupted to the present name of Maddur. This place was also called as Upendrapuram.

Moolavar: Sri Chakrapanishwara

Some of the salient features of this temple are....
The temple was built on a raised level of about 3 feet from the ground level facing east. A 3 tier Hero stone and statues are lying around the temple. No idols found either in the koshtam or in the artha mandapam.

The original temple was believed to be constructed during Rajaraja Chozha-I, period looking at the style and architecture. Latter extended during Vijayanagara / Hoysala Period. The Temple consists of sanctum Sanctorum, antarala, artha mandapam and a entrance sobhana mandapam.

There is no Vimana on the sanctum sanctorum. Up to prastharam the temple was built with stone. Koshta niches are provided around the sanctum sanctorum wall. Weeds and plants are grown on the top of the temple and artha mandapam is in dilapidated condition.

The ardha mandapa is supported by 6 nos of Pillars with naga bandham at the base. The pothiyal is of simple vettu pothiyal.

The sanctum sanctorum adhisthana is of padabandha adhisthana.  The Shobhana mandapa pillars has unique Vijayanaga period bas reliefs.

As per the Inscription This place was called as Maddur alias Upendrapura in Padi nad.

The 1243 CE inscription records the gift of a beam ( bharavaddige ) to the Chakrapani Temple at Maddur by Mandala-Sahani, the patta-Sahani of Sriranga-dannayaka.

This inscription and the following inscriptions are in Tamil Language and Tamil & Grantha Characters of 13th Century. This records that Siya-gamunda of Perumandur Pudupalli caused the nagavidi at the cost of 3 gadyanas.

The damaged inscription seems to refer to the erection of the doorway by a person ( name lost ), of Perumandur.

Another inscription states that Adiyaandi from (?) Mugaiyur got the Naga (vidi) made.

The 982 CE inscription records the gift of 10 kandugas of wet land ( nirmmannu ) in Oregala by the thousand Brahmanas of Maldur, for the temple got constructed by Pollayya.

Vira Bukkaraya ( 1381 CE ) of Vijayanagara records the grant of lands, garden and income from hasaradu-sunka by the mahajanas, the and of the place headed by Mayi-setti etc, and all the ganta-praje of maddur alias Upendrapura for reciting the Vedas, puranas and feeding pilgrims in the temple of the god Desinatha.

The Vira Hariyappa-Vodeya ( 1381 CE ) and records a grant by the Mahajanas of Maddur alias Upendrapura and other officials as stated in the previous inscription for similar services in the same temple. The grant consisted of incomes from customs on areca-nut etc,.

The Following inscriptions are in Tamil and grantha characters of 13th Century. These mentions that a Vijayanallulan Kuttanark-karandai got the pillar erected.

This record states that an individual ( name not clear ), son of Ambil Udaiyar Chamundaiyar caused the pillar erected.

This inscription (1376 CE ) records that Chandarasa renovated the ruined Nilamanikka Temple at Upendrapura ( Maddur ) by the order of Nagarasa, minister of the Vijayanagara ruler Bukka-I and made also grant of Lands for the temple and also to several individuals like Purana-bhatta who were temple officials.

Since orukala pooja is conducted the closing and opening times are unpredictable.  

This place Maddur is on the bus route Chamarajanagar to Kollegal. 26.5 KM from Chamarajanagar, 12.0 Km from Kollegal, 66 KM from Mysore and 156 KM from Bangalore.

LOCATION OF THE TEMPLE : CLICK HERE ( GPS Co-ordination     12.0773042,77.0638992 ).

A Hero stone is also installed on the side of the temple and the details will be posted separately.

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