Thursday, 15 April 2021

Sri Vellimalai Nathar Temple / Thiruthangur Vellimalainathar Temple / Sri Rajathagreeswarar Temple / வெள்ளிமலைநாதர் திருக்கோயில் / திருத்தங்கூர் / Thiruthengur / Thiruthangur, Thiruvarur District, Tamil Nadu.

This is the 233rd Devaram Paadal Petra Shiva Sthalam and 116th Sthalam on the south side of river Kaveri in Chozha Nadu. This place was called as Thengur தேங்கூர் ) during Thevaram period and now called as Thiruthangur.  

In periyapuranam Sekkizhar records that  Thirugnanasambandar came to this temple after worshiping Lord shiva of Thirunellikaval and Kaichinam.

நம்பர்மகிழ் திருஆரூர் வணங்கிப் போந்து
        நலம்கொள் திருக்காறாயில் நண்ணி ஏத்திப்
பைம்புனல்மென் பணைத்தேவூர் அணைந்து போற்றிப்
        பரமர் திருநெல்லிக்காப் பணிந்து பாடி
உம்பர்பிரான் கைச்சினமும் பரவித் தெங்கூர்
        ஓங்கு புகழ்த் திருக்கொள்ளிக் காடும் போற்றிச்
செம்பொன்மதில் கோட்டூரும் வணங்கி ஏத்தித்
        திருமலி வெண்துறை தொழுவான் சென்று சேர்ந்தார்

Thirugnanasambandar and Vallalar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple.

புரைசெய் வல்வினை தீர்க்கும் புண்ணியர் விண்ணவர் போற்றக்
கரைசெய் மால் கடல் நஞ்சையுண்டவர் கருதலர் புரங்கள்
நிரைசெய்து ஆரழலூட்டி யுழல்பவர் இடுபலிக்கெழில் சேர்
விரைசெய் பூம்பொழில் தேங்கூர் வெள்ளியங்குன்ற மர்ந்தாரே
...... திருஞானசம்பந்தர்
ஆங்கூரிக்லை வேலவனாஅதியர் சூழத்
தேங்கூரில் வாழ் தேவ சிங்கமே”
..... திரு அருட்பா
மருவாழம் புராசி யெழு வரையேழும்
        வலமயிலோன் வருமுன் தான்போய்
ஒருவேழந்தரு பரனை உமையை வலம்
        வந்து கனியுடன் கொண்டோனைப்
பெருவேழந் தீர்த்தன்பு தருமோம்
        பானைப்பசுந்தேன் பிலிற்றுத் தூற்றுங்
கருவேழ மருந்து துகிர்ச் செவ்வேழ
        முகத்தானைக் கருத்துள் வைப்பாம்
........ வினாயகர் துதி .. தல புராணம்
Moolavar  : Sri Rajathagreeswarar, Sri Vellimalai Nathar
Consort    : Sri Birugantha Nayagi, Sri Periyanayagi

Some of the salient features of this temple are ......
The Temple is facing east without entrance arch or  Rajagopuram. Balipeedam and Rishabam are in front of mandapam. Dwarapalakas, Vinayagar and Murugan are at the entrance of sanctum sanctorum. Moolavar is little tall with accamanimalai, vibuthi pattam and silver pirai looks beautiful. In koshtam Narthana Vinayagar, Dakshinamurthy, Lingothbavar, Brahma and Durgai.

In Prakaram Nalvar, Somaskandar, Vinayagar, Subramaniar, Mahalakshmi, Navagrahas worshiped Shiva Lingas, Navagrahas Nayagan Saneeswarar, Navagrahas worshiped Lingams, Maha Bhairavar and Suriyan. Ambal is in a separate temple like sannadhi.

The Sanctum Sanctorum consists of Sanctum, antarala and artha mandapam.

Since Thirugnanasambandar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple, the original temple might have existed before 7th Century, latter the same was reconstructed as a stone temple during Chozha’s period, extended by Vijayanagaras and maintained by Pandyas and Nattukottai Nagarathars.

The recorded inscriptions belongs to Chozha kings,  Rajarajan-III, Kulothunga Chozha-III, Rajendra Chozha-III, Pandya Kings Kulasekara Pandya periods are found on the sanctum walls. The inscriptions mainly speaks about the endowment of burning perpetual lamps for which donations were made in terms of Land, money, Goat / sheep, etc,.

Pandya King Kulasekara Pandya’s 31st reign year inscription records that NarasingaDevar’s son Alaivayukanda Perumal alias Malava Chakravarthy had established a pooja in his name called  Malava Sandhi, for the same he has given a gift of 200 kalam paddy and 30 kasus.

Rajarajan-III’s 26th reign year inscription records that Periyathevar Thiribhuvana Veeradevan Kulothunga Chozha-III’s 30th reign year Karumbuzhan Thiruvekambam udayan Thiruchotruthurai Udayan established an endowment of burning a perpetual lamp for which 4000 kasus and Lamp weighing 200 palam was gifted t the temple. Anther inscription records that a land at Sivapathasekara nallur, called “Thirumeikaval” was given to Karumbuzhan Thiruchotruthurai Udayan, in lieu of that land at another place was received.

Rajendra Chozha-III’s 12th ( 11+1 ) reign year inscription records that Thiruthengur merchants had bought a land and given to a Boyan. Then they decided to give some other land, they gifted 50 kasu which was given to the temple for the purchase of the above land and asked to treat that as thirunamathukani. Due to this they were exempted for the oil tax, which they have to give to the temple. This arrangement was done by the temple authorities. 

Rajarajan-III’s 25th ( 24+1) reign year inscription records the endowment of burning a perpetual lamp for  which a land of one ma was gifted by the Village Sabha. It was agreed ( by the temple authorities ) to supply 30 nazhi ulakku aazhakku oil will be supplied.    

Renovations was carried out by Sri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetadhipathi Jagadguru Sri Jayendra Saraswathi Swamigal's Pon vizha scheme. 

It is believed that during pralayam, a clear water stagnated at this place. Hence this place was called as “Thengur”. In another version, this place was with Coconut trees, hence called as Thiruthangur. 

Mahalakshmi, left Maha Vishnu, came to earth and stayed here. She did a penance and worshiped Lord Shiva of this temple get rid of the curse. Thiru - Thirumagal, Thangur - staying / living place, hence this place is called as Thiruthangur, which latter corrupted to the present name of Thiruthangur.

Brahmotsavam will be conducted in the month Vaikasi as Ekathina ( one day ),

Apart from regular poojas, special poojas are conducted on Vaikasi Visakam in the month Vaikasi ( May – June ), Vinayagar Chathurthi in the month Avani ( Aug – Sept ), Navaratri in the month Purattasi ( Sept – Oct ), Skanda Sashti in the month Aippasi ( Oct – Nov ), Thirukarthigai in the month Karthigai ( Nov – Dec ), Thaipoosam in the month Thai ( Jan – Feb ), Maha Shivaratri in the month Masi ( Feb – March ) and monthly pradoshams.

The temple will be kept opened between 08.00 hrs to 11.00 hrs and 18.00 hrs to 19.00 hrs.

The mobile number of the Administrative officer of this temple +91 9443753808 and other numbers +91 94443 54461 & +91 4369 237 454 may be contacted for further details.

On the bus route Thiruvarur to Thiruthuraipoondi get down at Nellikka and from there this temple is 2 Km
Town bus A12 from Thiruvarur to Thirukollikadu passes through this village.
The temple is 20 KM from Thiruvarur 23 KM from Mannargudi, 60 KM from Kumbakonam, 62 KM from Thanjavur and 352 KM from Chennai.
Nearest railway station is Thiruvarur.



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