Wednesday, 7 April 2021

Sri Sarguna Nathar Temple / சற்குணநாதர் கோயில், இடும்பாவனம், Idumbavanam, Thiruvarur District, Tamil Nadu.

This is the 225th Thevaram Paadal Petra Shiva Sthalam and 108th Shiva Sthalam on the south side of River Kaveri in Chozha Nadu. This place maintains the same name as Idumbavanam from Thevaram period. In Periyapuranam Sekkizhar records that Thirugnanasambandar came to this temple after worshiping Lord Shiva of Kadikulam.

கண்ஆர்ந்த திருநுதலார் மகிழ்ந்தகடிக்குளம் இறைஞ்சி
எண்ஆர்ந்த திருஇடும்பாவனம் ஏத்தி எழுந்தருளி
மண்ஆர்ந்த பதிபிறவும் மகிழ்தரும் அன்பால் வணங்கிப்
பண்ஆர்ந்த தமிழ்பாடிப் பரவியே செல்கின்றார்

Thirugnanasambandar and Vallalar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple.

மனம் ஆர்தரு மடவரொடு மகிழ்மைந்தர்கள் மலர்தூய்த்
தனம் ஆர்தரு சங்கக்கடல் வங்கத்திரள் உந்திச்
சினம் ஆர்தரு திறள்வாள் எயிற்று அரக்கன்மிகு குன்றில்
இனமாதவர் இறைவர்க்கு இடம் இடும்பாவனம் இதுவே
……. திருஞானசம்பந்தர்
அல்லல் இடும்பாவ நத்தமட்டொளி செய்கின்ற திரு
மல்லலிடும் பாவனத்து மாட்சிமையே
……… திரு அருட்பா
Moolavar  : Sri Sarguneswarar, Sri Sarguna Nathar,
                  Sri Manakola Nathar, Sri Kalyanewarar,
                  Sri Idumbavanewarar.
Consort    : Sri Mangalavalli, Sri Mangala nayaki,
                  Sri Kalyaneswari.

Some of the salient features of this temple are…..
The temple is facing east with a Three tier Rajagopuram and a mandapam. The temple tank is in front of the temple. Balipeedam Dwajasthambam and Rishabam are in front of Rajagopuram on the road side. Lord Shiva with Parvati Kalyana kola image is on the back side of moolavar. In koshtam Dakshinamurthy, Lingothbavar, Brahma and Durgai.

In prakaram Suriyan, Agasthiyar,  Idumbai, Vinayagar, Shaniswaran, Gajalakshmi, Murugan, Bhairavar, Nalvar,  and Chandran, Thiagarajar is  in a separate Sannadhi facing east. Vinayagar is made of sea sponge கடல் நுரை ). Ambal is in a separate sannadhi facing South.

The sanctum sanctorum consists of sanctum, antarala and Artha mandapam. A Vesara vimana is on the sanctum.

Since Thirugnanasambandar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple, the original temple might have existed before 7th Century. Latter the same was reconstructed as a stone temple during Chozha period and further extended / maintained by Nayakas and Nattukottai Nagarathars.

As per the Maratha Kings period, inscription, they had gifted many things to this temple. .

A 16th to 17th Century fragment stone inscription, only few words like  Therkum, Maavadai, Pasuvaiyum, etc. are visible and most of the inscription was found damaged. This may be for gift of land to this temple.

As per the legend Idumban worshiped Lord Shiva of this temple. Since, Idumban’s sister Idumbai, married Bhima, Viyasa Maharishi  called this place as “Idumbaikku Aru Seitha Ippathi, from this day onwards will b called as Idumbavanam. Kundralur, a place near this temple is the birth place of Idaumban.

Lord Shiva gave the “Kalyana Kola” darshan to Agasthiyar and idols of Lord Shiva and Parvati are at the back of moolavar. Since Agathiyar, was asked to go to south to balance this earth to balance it during Lord Shiva and Parvati’s marriage at Mt. Kailash. As requested by the sage Agathiyar, Lord Shiva gave his Kalyana Kola darshan at many places and this is one of them.    

This sthalam is one of the pithur moorthy sthalam. Hence this place is very much suitable for pithur worship and Pariharam. A Brahmin was carrying his father’s asthi to dissolve in Ganga river after carrying out rituals at Kashi. On his way he stayed here. His father came in his dream and advised the Brahmin to dissolve here itself. The Brahmin carried out as advised by his father, in his dream. Devotees in large numbers used gather in this temple especially on new moon days ( amavasya ) to do pithru pariharam. 

Apart from regular poojas, special poojas are conducted on Vaikasi Visakam in the month Vaikasi ( May – June ),   Vinayagar Chathurthi in the month Avani ( Aug – Sept ), Skanda Sashti in the month Aippasi ( Oct – Nov ), Thirukarthigai in the month Karthigai ( Nov – Dec ), Thiruvathirai in the month Margazhi ( Dec – Jan ), Thaipoosam in the month Thai ( Jan – Feb ), Maha Shivaratri in the month Masi ( Feb – March ) and monthly pradoshams.

The temple will be kept opened between 07.00 hrs to 11.00 hrs and 17.00 hrs to 19.00 hrs.

The Land Line Number +91 4369 240 349 may be contacted for further details.  

The town bus from Thiruthuraipoondi to Thondiyakadu passes through this place. Mini bus available from Muthupettai.
Buses are also available from Vaimedu
Idumbavanam is about 1.5 KM from Karpakanathar Kulam.
The temple is 14.4 KM from Muthupettai, 18.2 KM from Thiruthuraipoondi, 30 KM from Vedaranyam, 36 KM from Pattukottai, 47 KM from Thiruvarur,  51 KM from Mannargudi, 82 KM from Kumbakonam, 84 K M from Thanjavur, and 367 KM from Chennai.
Nearest Railway Station is Thiruthuraipoondi ( Muthupet / Muthupettai is a small station )



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