Tuesday, 27 April 2021

Sri Idaivainathar Temple / Punniyakodi Appar Temple / Punniyakottiyappar Temple / புண்ணியகோடியப்பர் கோயில், Thiruvidaivai / Thiruvidavasal /திருவிடைவாசல், Thiruvarur District, Tamil Nadu.

This is the 275th Devaram Paadal Petra Shiva Sthalam which was found after 274 temples on the south side of river Kaveri in Chozha  Nadu. The temple is on the banks of a branch channel of river Vennaru. Now this place is called as Thiruvidai Vasal. This was identified as one of the Paadal Petra Shiva Sthalam based of the Thirugnanasambandar’s hymns inscriptions on the sanctum wall.

Thirugnanasambandar, Ayyadigal Kadavarkon ( his Kshetra Kovai and mentions as “Then idaivai” ) has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple.

மறியார் கரத்தெந்தையம் மாதுமையோடும்
பிறியாத பெம்மான் உறையும் இடம் என்பர்
பொறிவாய் வரிவண்டு தன் பூம்பெடை புல்கி
வெறியார் மலரில் துயிலும்விடைவாயே
....... திருஞானசம்பந்தர்
( This hymns / pathigam  was published through Thiruppanandal Sri Kasi Madam, Panniru Thirumurai pathippu / printing  fund in the year 1968. This was added as new hymns under page 1536 on Thevara Thalamurai by Srivaikundam, Sri Kumarakuruparan Sangam. )

Moolavar  : Sri Idaivainathar,  Sri Vidaivayappar,
                  Sri Punyakotteeswarar.
Consort    : Sri Umayammai, Sri Abirami.

Some of the important features of this temple are……
The temple is facing east with a mottai gopuram. Balipeedam, and Rishabam are after the entrance. Moolavar is of Swayambhu little high in Nagabaranam looks beautiful. In koshtam Narthana Vinayagar, Dakshinamurthy, Lingothbavar, Brahma and Durgai.

In ardha mandapam Nalvar & Vinayagar. Ambal sannathi is in maha mandapam facing south. Dwarapalakas and Dwarapalaki’s are in painting.

In the outer prakaram Vinayagar, Valli Devasena Subramaniar, Gajalakshmi, Balasastha,  Bhairavar, Suriyan, Chandran Navagrahas and Chandikeswarar.

The sanctum sanctorum consists of Sanctum, Antarala and ardha mandapam. A Nagara 2 tier Vimana is over the sanctum. 

Since Thirugnanasambandar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this, the original temple might have existed before 7th century. Latter, may be reconstructed as a stone temple during Chozha Period ( believed to be during Kulothunga Chozha-I ). Initially only 274 temples are identified as Paadal Petra sthalangal. This temple was identified when a heap was excavated, in 1917. Thevara hymn was found inscribed on the wall and this temple was added as a 175th Sthalam and 128th Sthalam of Chozha nadu.

As per the legend, This place was ruled by the King Vidaiyan  of Surya Kula and worshiped Lord Shiva of this temple.  Hence this place was called as Thiruvidaivai in the name of the King.

Also it is believed that Vidai is very much related to Rishabam and Flag and this place was called as Thiruvidaivai. 

Sun rays falls on Moolavar  Vaikasi ( May – June ) and Margazhi  ( Dec – Jan ) during Uttarayana and Dakshinayana periods. . 
Devotees prays Lord shiva to remove marriage obstacles and Child boon.

The Temple is surrounded by Vennaru on west side, Vellaiyaru on south, Pandayaru on the North and Sea on the east.

Apart from regular poojas, as per Gurukkal special poojas are conducted on all important days especially on Chitra Pournami  in the month Chithirai ( April – may ), Vinayagar Chathurthi in the month Avani ( Aug – Sept ),  Thirukarthigai in the month Karthigai ( Nov – Dec ), Thiruvathirai in the month Margazhi ( Dec – Jan ), Makara Sankranti and Thaipoosam in the month Thai ( Jan – Feb ), Maha Shivaratri in the month Masi ( Feb – March ) and monthly pradoshams.

The temple will be kept opened between 09.00 hrs to 11.00 hrs and 18.00 hrs to 19.00 hrs.

The temple priest may be contacted on +91 4366 232853, +91 94433 32853, +91 99431 52999, +91 98942 89077  +91 70947 99791 and +91 98651 89743 may be contacted for further details.

In Koradacheri  cross through left side of the double bridge and 1 KM from the bridge, and this place is before Athikadai.
The Temple at Thiruvidavasal  is 3 KM from Koradacheri, 32 KM from Kumbakonam, 17 KM from Thiruvarur, 17 KM from Mannargudi, 46 KM from Thanjavur and 327 KM from Chennai. 
Nearest Railway Station is Thiruvarur ( Mannargudi is also same distance ).


Thirugnanasambandar's hymn inscription

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