Sri Kodi Kuzhagar Temple / Amirthakadeswarar Temple / கோடிக்குழகர் கோயில் / அமுதகடேசுவரர் கோயில், கோடியக்கரை / Thirukodi / Kodiyakarai, Nagapattinam District, Tamil Nadu.
This is the 244th Thevaram Paadal Petra Shiva sthalam and 127th Shiva Temple on the south side of River Kaveri in Chozha Nadu. Now this place is called as Kodiyakarai, Kodi Kuzhagar Kovil. This place is also called as “Point Calimere”. The Place where the temple exists is called as “Kuzhakar Koil” and the sea shore are is called as “Kodiyakarai”.
In Periyapuranam, Sekkizhar records that Thirugnanasambandar came to this temple after worshiping Lord Shiva of Thirumaraikadu. But we couldn’t get the hymn sung by him. In Sundarar Puranam, Sundarar came to this temple after worshiping Lord Shiva of Thirumaraikadu.
தெண்திரைசூழ் கடல்கானல் திரு அகத்தியான் பள்ளி
அண்டர்பிரான் கழல்வணங்கி அருந்தமிழ் மாமறை பாடிக்
கொண்டல் பயில் மணல்கோடு சூழ்கோடிக் குழகர்தமைத்
தொண்டருடன் தொழுது அணைந்தார் தோணிபுரத் தோன்றலார்
..... திருஞானசம்பந்தர் புராணம்
கோடிக் குழகர் கோயில் அயல் குடிகள் ஒன்றும் புறத்து எங்கும்
நாடிக் காணாது உள்புக்கு நம்பர்பாதம் தொழுது உள்ளம்
வாடிக் கடிதாய்க் கடற்காற்றென்று எடுத்து மலர்க்கண் நீர்வாரப்
பாடிக்காடு புணர்ந்த பரிசும் பதிகத்திடை வைத்தார்
...... சுந்தரர் புராணம்
Sundarar and Vallalar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple. Sundarar was feeling bad for the temple was isolated near the sea shore without any habitation nearby.
கடிதாய்க் கடற்காற்று வந்து எற்றக்கரைமேல்
குடிதான் அயலே இருந்தால் குற்றமோ
கொடியேன் கண்கள் கண்டன கோடிக் குழகீர்
அடிகேள் உமக்கு ஆர்துணையாக இருந்தீரே
நாடிக்குழக நலமருள் ந்று ஏத்துகின்ற
கோடிக் குழகரருட் கோலமே”
........ திரு அருட்பா
Moolavar: Sri Amuthakadeswarar, Sri Kodi Kuzhagar
Consorts: Sri Anjanakshi, Sri Maithadanganni.
Some of the salient features of this temple are…
The temple is facing east with a 5 tier Rajagopuram. Balipeedam, Dwajasthambam and Rishabam are after the Rajagopuram. In koshtam Dakshinamurthy, Lingothbavar, Brahma and Durgai.
In Prakaram Amirtha Vinayagar, Suryan, Chandran, Subramaniar with one face with six hands, Ganapathy Lingam. Navagrahas are in a single row. “Kuzhaka Munivar’s” idol is in the maha mandapam. Ambal is in a separate sannidhi in the front mandapam.
The 15th Century saint Arunagirinathar has sung “Thiruppugazh” in praise of Lord Muruga of this temple. Lord Muruga is with Amrutha kalasa.
சோலைபரண் மீதுநிழ லாகதினை காவல்புரி
சோரனென நாடிவர் வார்கள்வன வேடர்விழ
கோலவழல் நீறுபுனை யாதிசரு வேசரொடு
கோடுமுக வானைபிற கான துணை வாகுழகர்
கோடிநகர் மேவிவளர் பெருமாளே
HISTORY AND INSCRIPTIONS
Since Sundarar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple, the original temple might have been existed before 7th Century The temple was reconstructed as stone temple during Chozhas period and latter contributions are from Pandyas ( embalm is on the Rajagopuram entrance – Two fish Chendu at the centre )and Vijayanagara Nayakas.
Rajaraja-III’s 14th reign year inscription records the endowment of burning a perpetual lamp for which donations were made by a person belongs to Nandinallur. ( Full details are not known since the inscription was damaged ).
Jadavarman Konerimaikondan’s 18th reign year inscription records the King’s order. Arranging the Amount of 55 pon was surplus after spending for the services, till the 17th year ( Rule ). Another 63 pon, on which there were some charges to be utilised as a capital for services, repair and maintenance in the temple from 18th Year.
Jatavarman Parakrama Pandya’s 5th reign year inscription records the endowment of burning a perpetual lamp for which 150Varahan was gifted to the temple by “Gamudevan Andan PeRRan”.
Rajendra Chozha-III’s 22nd reign year inscription records that a sale of land to create nandavanam at the Thirukodikuzhakar Temple Adhi Chandeswarar Trustees, to Mudaliyar Saththanathu Ethir oppilathar alias Somanathadevar Mudaliyar.
Another Rajendra Chozha-III’s Inscription records the activities of the Thevankamis / trustees and The Siva Brahmins, transferring land from the workers of Nandavanam to the Senapathis, in lieu of that purchase of another land was proposed. The Paddy to be given to the temple is also discussed. The inscription was found damaged and full details are not known.
The inscription at Kodiyakadu, Jadavarman Thirubhuvana Chakravarthy Konerimaikondan period inscription mentions the places Thirukodi Kuzhakar and Thiruagathiyan Palli.
Suvedha Munivar’s son Braman, Siddhars, Narathar, Indiran, Kuzhka Munivar, and latter Cheraman Peruman, Sundarar worshiped Lord Shiva of this temple.
After the Amirtha obtained from the milk ocean by Devas and asuras, without giving share to to the asuras, the Devas drank the Amirtha and handed over to Vayu to carry it. When Vayu was carrying the Amirtha, it spilled and turned as a Shiva Linga. Hence Lord Shiva is called as “Amirthakadeswarar”. In another version, when the amirtha spilled Lord Muruga Collected the same in a kalasa. Hence Lord Muruga is shown with kalasa in his hand. Lord Vinayagar is also called as “Amirtha Vinayagar”.
There is a Ramar Padam in the midst of the Kappukadu / forest. It was believed that on the way to Dhanuskodi, Rama Visited this temple and worshiped Lord Shiva. The Ramar Padam confirms the Visit of Rama to this temple.
Just after 1.5 KM, the place on the sea shore is called as “Adhi Sethu” also known as Kodiyakarai. Taking bath during Uttarayana and Dakshinayana periodis a special here. The Siddhar Kattidam / building also known as Siddhar Koil. It is believed that Siddhars are still living in this temple.
POOJAS AND CELEBRATIONS
Apart from regular poojas, special poojas are conducted on 10 days Vaikasi Visakam festival in the month Vaikasi ( May – June ), Aani Thirumanjanam in the month Aani ( June – July ), Vinayagar Chathurthi in the month Avani ( Aug – Sept ), 6 days Skanda Sashtiin the month Aippasi ( Oct – Nov ), Thaipoosam in the month Thai ( Jan – Feb ), Maha Shivaratri in the month Masi ( Feb – March ).
The Temple will be kept opened between 09.00 hrs to 10.00 hrs and 17.00hrs to 18.00 hrs.
The land line number +91 4369 272 470, may be contacted for further details.
HOW TO REACH
Buses available from Vedaranyam and the distance is 12 K M.
The temple at Kodiyakarai is 10 KM from Vedaranyam, 58 KM from Nagapattinam, 71 KM from Mannargudi, 78 KM from Thiruvarur and 356 KM from Chennai
Nearest Railway station is Vedaranyam and Junction is Nagapattinam.